What is Endpoint Security?

reading time: 4min | Author: Lukas Dubiel| 15.08.2022

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How does Endpoint Security work?

When it comes to protecting endpoints, i.e. PCs, mobile devices, laptops and the like from cyberattacks and malware, we speak of endpoint security, endpoint protection or endpoint security.
Endpoints refers to all end devices that are used by employees and are responsible for the exchange between internal and external data. In addition to smartphones, laptops and tablets, this also includes IoT devices such as printers, scanners and others.

Companies rely on endpoint security solutions to protect themselves against malware and attacks. So-called endpoint protection platforms (EPP) offer a holistic approach. With the help of holistic software approaches, a wide variety of attack attempts on the peripheral infrastructure of an organisation can be detected and defended against.

Why is endpoint security so important for businesses?

In 2022, cyber attacks and data leaks are undoubtedly among the biggest risks for companies. Small and medium-sized enterprises are particularly at risk. This is because they usually do not have trained staff and know-how in the areas of IT security and cybersecurity.

The endpoints in a company are the main point of attack for hacker attacks. About 80% of the attempted attacks on a company are directed against the endpoints because they often expose vulnerable points.

Added to this is the ignorance of the employees in the secure handling of the devices. This fact represents an enormous risk and in many incidents in the past led to losses in the millions and structures that were paralysed for weeks.

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What protection mechanisms are there for endpoints?

Advancing digitalisation is leading to ever higher cybersecurity requirements. Not only are companies constantly developing technologically, but attackers are also improving their technologies and methods over time. This increases the need for ever more complex and sophisticated security solutions to meet the threats.

The classic protection mechanisms of endpoints are firewalls, secure gateways, email spam filters and others. In any case, the correct configuration of browser and device settings offers basic protection.

Web browser protection mechanisms

Also usually included are certain web browser protection mechanisms. Web browsers are the number one gateway for attackers, as they form the interface between the client and the vastness of the Internet on the end devices. Good browser protection blocks harmful and unencrypted URLs.

Protection against brute force attacks

Also included is protection against brute force attacks. Brute force attacks are attacks in which an attacker tries to gain access to a network by randomly trying out any number of passwords.

Malware analysis with sandboxing

Integrated sandboxes are virtual machines in which potentially harmful files and scripts can be executed in isolation and analysed in the process. Malicious software can be identified without endangering the infrastructure.

Individual solutions vs. holistic concept

Some providers offer isolated single solutions for such products. For most companies, however, it does not make sense to use isolated software solutions for individual areas. Using different tools from different providers leads to chaotic processes and poor synergies.

In these cases, holistic security solutions are needed that make dealing with dangerous situations much easier and more seamless. This is usually referred to as an endpoint protection platform.

What is an Endpoint Protection Platform (EPP)?

The purpose of an Endpoint Protection Platform (EPP) is to prevent all attacks on the outer endpoints. It therefore provides security at the outermost endpoint of the corporate infrastructure. An EPP blocks known malware at the point of entry through integrated protection mechanisms, such as signature-based malware defence.

To do this justice, the data must always be retrievable on the company’s storage. The relevant data should be synchronised with the corresponding company database at regular intervals for this purpose.

Improved threat detection through machine learning and AI

Machine learning algorithms are increasingly being used in the field of cyber security. AI and machine learning algorithms are used to detect systematic patterns, predict threats and use up-to-the-second information.

Machine learning can be used to train an AI to detect malware. It learns the parameters of malicious files. It then creates an accurate model of how these files are constructed or what they look like. In this way, it can block malware files pre-emptively. Nevertheless, it is impossible to consider all possible malware variants.

The more data these algorithms get, the more precise statements can be made about anomalies and specific files. The more precise decisions can be made about how to deal with conspicuous files.

Machine learning programmes do not rely on narrow rule sets. Instead, they can make intelligent decisions. This allows them to block dangerous threats without interrupting harmless files.

What is Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR)?

Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR), also known as Endpoint Detection and Threat Response (EDTR), is an endpoint security solution that continuously monitors end-user devices to detect and respond to cyber threats such as ransomware and malware.

An EDR software stores and analyses the behaviour of endpoints. It uses various data analysis techniques to detect suspicious system behaviour. Malicious activities are to be blocked and suggestions made to restore affected systems.

Protect corporate networks effectively with the right endpoint security solution

When choosing the right endpoint security software, it is crucial to implement a solution that fits your corporate network and system requirements. It is important to have software with the highest possible malware detection rate, an intuitive and easy-to-use user interface and excellent support to help you with technical questions or in dangerous situations.

Another important point is the lowest possible rate of false alarms. These are files that have been marked as harmful by the software, although they are actually harmless.
Take enough time when looking for a suitable cybersecurity or endpoint security solution. When making a decision, not only technical but also strategic aspects should be taken into account.

Do you need help with cybersecurity?

An IT service provider like jemix will help you set up a modern cybersecurity solution and is available to you as an external consultant and IT specialist. Arrange your free initial consultation today!

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